Der Rittmeister Militaria, LLC, Imperial
German Merchandise: Orders, Medals, and Decorations Nr 2: From the Grand Duchies, Duchies, Free
States Etc. of Imperial Germany.
Updated on 31 January 2017. Contact us @:firstname.lastname@example.org
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WW I Decorations to Archduke Eugen of Austria
This week we are offering you a special selection of German decorations from World War I that once belonged to Archduke Eugen of Austria. As was common during the period, decorations were shared among the various German states and their allies who were members of the Central Powers. The decorations that are listed below were all the property of Archduke Eugen Ferdinand Pius Bernhard Felix Maria of Austria-Teschen (1863-1954). He began his military career in 1877. During his early military career he served in the Tyrolean Kaiserjäger-Regiment and in a Husaren-Regiment. After a rigid military education, he was posted to the Austrian General staff. Then he was posted to Infanterie-Regiment Nr 13, first as a Bataillon Commander, and then as the Regimental Commander. From this, he was promoted to a Brigade, and later, Division Commander. In 1900, he was promoted to General der Kavallerie (equal to a U.S. Lieutenant General) of the Austrian XIV. ArmeeKorps. Some say that Archduke Franz Ferdinand was increasingly jealous of him. He retired from the army in 1911, at the age of forty-eight.
After the assassination of Franz Ferdinand in 1914 and the beginning of WW I, Eugen returned to the army. He was in command of the 5. Armee. In May 1915, he was promoted to Generaloberst and commanded all troops from the Swiss boarder to the Adriatic. In March 1916, he was officially placed in charge of an Armeegruppe known as Herresgruppen-Kommando Erzherzog Eugen. In the Spring of 1916, he assumed command of the 3. Armee and 11. Armee. He was promoted to Generalfeldmarschall in November 1916. [Please remember that the rank of Generalfeldmarschall in both the German and Austrian Armies were not given out lightly or in any great numbers. In the Austrian army a total of eight GFM’s were created during WW I. Four of these were pure military commanders who were of noble birth, three were royals who commanded troops in the field, and the eighth was the head of the Austrian General Staff. By comparison, the German Army had eight GFM’s of noble birth who were true military commanders, three of royal birth who were military commanders in the field, four kings, and a Sultan who were made GFM’s].
Archduke Eugen was released from active duty in December 1917 at the behest of Kaiser Karl. After the armistice with Russia, less territory was in need of military commanders on the Western Front. He lived a quiet life after WW I, spending a great deal of time in Switzerland. He died in Austria at the age of ninety-one, a very popular man. During WW I he received more than seven high-level Austrian decorations. He also received more than twenty decorations from Austria’s allies. Among them was the Orden Pour le Mérite in 1916, and the Orden Pour le Mérite with Oak Leaves in 1917.
What we offer individually today are several of his CASED German decorations from World War I. They are from the various German states that were Austria’s allies. What makes each of them so interesting is that all of the cased decorations come from Austrian firms, most notably Roethe & Neffe. Also, where ribbons are attached to the decorations, they are in the Austrian trifold style.
Although we will sell each of these individually, we will also offer a substantial discount should one person take them all. We will also offer an appealing discount for the purchase of multiple decorations. Each will come with a detailed biography of Archduke Eugen. Every purchase of a cased decoration will be shipped with a high-quality copy of period postcard and the previously-mentioned biography, as well as a copy of this historical description. Our descriptions follow. Enjoy!
08-437 FREE STATES OF HAMBURG, LÜBECK, AND BREMEN'S HANSEATIC CROSSES IN ORIGINAL PRESENTATION CASE FOR AUSTRIA’S ARCHDUKE EUGEN. Here are THREE Hanseatic Crosses from the Free States of Hamburg, Lübeck, and Bremen in the original presentation case. They were Archduke Eugen (1863-1954) of Austria’s personal property. The presentation case measures 4" x 7 1/2" x 1." The words "Hanseaten Kreuze Bremen, Hamburg, and Lübeck" are embossed in gold on the outer lid. [My research does not show when these decorations were awarded]. Opening the case, the three crosses are lined up from left to right: Bremen, Hamburg, and Lübeck. Each is in a fitted section that accommodates each cross and its trifold ribbon. That said, only the Lübeck Cross has a ribbon attached to its jump ring. The presentation case has another very interesting feature. The correct ribbon for each decoration is attached above it on the case's white silk upper lid.
While the name Rothe & Neffe does NOT appear on the case’s upper lid, all its features are identical to that of the Roethe & Neffe Oldenburg Friedrich August Cross's case. It has an all-red leatherette exterior (with the exception of its black bottom). It is a very handsome set of three decorations. $3,495.00
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08-441 LIPPE-DETMOLD CROSS - TRUE SERVICE 2nd CLASS - AWARDED - ARCHDUKE EUGEN - AUSTRIA. This is the Principality of Lippe-Detmold’s Cross for True Service 2nd Class in the original presentation case. It was Archduke Eugen (1863-1954) of Austria’s personal property. The presentation case measures 5 1/4" x 2 1/2" x 3/4." Embossed in gold on the outer lid is "Fürstl. Schaumburg-Lippe’sches Kreuz für Treue Dienste 1914." (My research does not show when this decoration was awarded). Upon opening the case, the cross is revealed. It is NOT mounted on its white and blue trifold ribbon. A stretched piece of the correct blue and white ribbon appears on the case’s inner lid. The name of Rothe & Neffe, the Austrian Kaiser’s official court jeweler, appears on the upper lid. It is a very fine decoration, in excellent condition.$1,350.00
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05-1349 PERIOD FOLIO - DECORATION ID’S & RIBBON SAMPLES - IMPERIAL GERMANY, THIRD REICH, AND OTHER COUNTRIES. This is a wonderful research tool for collectors who want to identify ribbons from both the Imperial German Period and the Third Reich. It is a folio featuring small ribbon samples and the names of the appropriate matching decorations. Please note, it was produced during the Third Reich (1933-1945). It is a very rare research tool. I had heard about these before, but I have never actually seen one until now. It unfolds like a map, with a total of twelve panels upon which the ribbons appear. In addition to the German ribbons, small sections appear for Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria, Turkey, Finland, Spain, Russia (VERY small), and Italy. The ribbons are organized by state during the Imperial Period so one can compare the folio’s ribbons to those on the decorations. Its greatest use, perhaps, might be identifying ribbons on ribbon bars. This is an invaluable research tool. It is a pleasant touch that it comes from the time when these ribbons and decorations were actually worn. $695.00
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08-490 HOUSE ORDER - ALBERT THE BEAR GOLDEN SERVICE MEDAL - ANHALT.Anhalt was a Principality with a population 316,000 in 1900. Its House Order of Albert the Bear was a series of decorations that extended from Kollars to Breast Stars, Knights Crosses to Service Orders, and etc. The enamel work featuring the Bear is quite striking on the higher order levels. Today we are offering the Golden Service Medal from the Albert the Bear House Order. The gilt-toned medal measures 1 1/4" in diameter. The obverse features a crowned bear striding across a castle’s ramparts. The decoration’s reverse features Anhalt’s crowned Coat-of-Arms, and indicates when the Principality was established (1170). Attached to the decoration is a correct magenta and green ribbon. Both ribbon and decoration are in very fine condition. $275.00
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08-317 1914 FRIEDRICH CROSS 1st CLASS - ANHALT. This is the 1914 Friedrich Cross 1st Class from Anhalt. It is a pinback award that was the equivalent to the 1914 Iron Cross 1st Class. As Anhalt was a very small duchy, these decorations were awarded in small numbers. The cross measures 1 1/2" x 1 1/2." It is very slightly vaulted and has a bronze appearance. The decoration’s top bears a crown. In the center is Herzog Friedrich of Anhalt’s royal cypher. Below that is "1914." On the reverse we see a swollen, coke-bottle style pin. The decoration is in excellent
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08-525 FRIEDRICH CROSS 2nd CLASS - ANHALT. This is the Friedrich Cross 2nd Class from the Principality of Anhalt. Anhalt was a small principality with an 1890 population of 271,000, so small that it fielded a single Infanterie Regiment. Prince Friedrich was Anhalt’s ruler. With WW I’s outbreak and Kaiser Wilhelm’s re-institution of the Iron Cross in 1914, many other states (including Anhalt) brought forward their own versions. Anhalt had two Iron Cross equivalents. The first was the Friedrich Cross. We refer to it as their 2nd Class example, since it sported a ribbon (as did the 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class). The second version was the Friedrich Cross Steckkreuz (pinback), which had a pin attached to its plain back. The decoration is bronze-toned. Its obverse sports a royal crown, Friedrich of Anhalt’s cypher, and the year, 1914. The reverse displays the phrase “For Service in War." $275.00
08-416 1914 FRIEDRICH CROSS 2nd CLASS - NON COMBATANT - ANHALT.. This is the Duchy of Anhalt’s 1914 Friedrich Cross 2nd Class for Non Combatants. Anhalt was one of Germany’s smaller duchies. It fielded one infantry regiment. The decoration was its equivalent to Prussia’s 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class. They also had a 1st Class award equal to the 1914 Iron Cross 1st Class. Like the Prussians, the 2nd Class was awarded in classes for Combatants and Non Combatants. The difference between the two rested strictly in their ribbons. This cross measures 1 1/2" x 1 1/2." Its obverse features a crown, 1914, and the cypher "F." The decoration’s reverse displays "Für Verdienst im Kriege (For Service in War)." The green and white ribbon on this example is for Non Combatants. $275.00
08-220 50-YEAR TRUE SERVICE MEDAL IN SILVER - ANHALT. This was a civil decoration for 50 years of true and faithful service to the state. The obverse of the decoration features the ruler of Anhalts crowned cypher. The reverse has "Fur funfzigjahrige Diensttreue" (For Fifty Years True Service). Obviously, since this was for fifty years of service, it was not a common decoration. It has a beautiful patina and comes with a wide green and white ribbon. This decoration was given from the period of 1864 to 1918. Judging from the look of the decoration and ribbon, I would say this particular example was issued in the 19th Century. $350.00
This is the Gedächtnismedaille (Remembrance Medal) für 1849. It is bronze-toned and measures 1 1/4" in diameter. From 1848 into 1849, Baden was plagued by military mutiny and civil insurrection. Grand Duke Leopold was forced to flee the country in May 1948. Although civil authority attempted to form a constitutional government, the country remained in the hands of an armed mob of civilians and mutinous soldiers. Grand Duke Leopold joined Bavaria in petitioning Prussia for intervention. The Prussians agreed. Kronprinz Wilhelm (later Prussia’s König, then Germany’s first Kaiser) defeated the Baden insurgents at Waghausel on 10 June 1849, then entered the capital city, Karlsruhe, on 25 June. Prussia occupied the Grand Duchy until order was restored. Grand Duke Leopold made his return on 10 August 1849. He later issued this award for those who had participated in the 1849 campaign. The circular decoration’s obverse features a sword. Its reverse reads "Leopold Grossherzog von Baden" around its outer edges. Within them a victory wreath surrounds the slogan "Dem Tapferen Befreiungs Heer 1849" (The Brave Liberation Army 1849). $115.00
08-474 GEDÄCHTNISMEDAILLE - 1849 - BADEN.
08-536 SILVER SERVICE MEDAL WITH AWARD PACKET - BADEN. This is a Silver Service Medal from the Grand Duchy of Baden. It is a late-war example. The medal features the likeness of Friedrich II (1857-1928), Baden’s last Grand Duke. The medal is interesting due to its slotted attachment at the top where the ribbon is inserted, rather than a conventional jump ring. It includes its original paper award packet, which is very scarce. A small piece of ribbon is also included.
As this was Baden’s equivalent of the 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class, it makes a very fine display item. This is the first time that we have offered you the paper award packet. Generally these were tossed away after the award was received. $195.00
08-491 SILVER SERVICE MEDAL 1916-1918 - BADEN. This is the Grand Duchy of Baden’s Silver Service Medal. It was that state’s Iron Cross 2nd Class equivalent. It measures 1 1/2" in diameter. The obverse sports a likeness of Friedrich II, Baden’s last Grand Duke. The reverse has "Für Verdienst." The decoration’s top features a slot rather than a jump ring. The yellow and red ribbon is inserted through this slot. $75.00
08-529 SILVER SERVICE MEDAL - BADEN. This is an early war example of the Silver Service Medal from Baden. This was their 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class equivalent. It has a slot at the top and comes with a ribbon. $95.00
08-528 SILVER MERIT MEDAL - BADEN. The Baden Silver Merit Medal was Baden’s equivalent of the 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class. Issued pieces had a slot at the top where a ribbon was inserted instead of a conventional jump ring. This example, however, was intended for use on a medal bar and DOES have the jump ring. It may well be a post WW I example. $40.00
08-565 NINE-YEAR LONG-SERVICE MEDAL - BADEN. This is a Nine-Year Long-Service Medal (the 3rd Class version) from the Grand Duchy of Baden. The decoration is silver in color and features Friedrich of Baden’s cypher on its obverse. The Roman numeral "IX" is present on the reverse. The decoration measures 1" in diameter. Its ribbon displays Baden’s red and yellow state colors. Both the decoration and ribbon are in excellent condition.$85.00
$95.00 Special Close-Out Pricing!! $75.00
08-553 XDG BADEN FELDDIENSTAUSZEICHNUNG. This is a consignment item. It is Baden’s Felddienstauszeichnung (Active Field Service Award), which was awarded in wartime. Its obverse features Baden’s armed Griffin beneath the legend "FÜR BADENS EHRE" (For Baden’s Honor). Its reverse features "LEOPOLD/FÜR/TREUEN DIENST/IM KRIEGE (For Faithful Service in War). "Leopold" refers to the Baden Grand Duke who instituted the award in 1830. A replacement ribbon is attached.
This is a truly magnificent example of the Henry the Lion Officer’s Cross from the Duchy of Braunschweig. The Henry the Lion Order was the principal decoration family from the small duchy. Braunschweig fielded one cavalry regiment, one infantry regiment, and one artillery battery. The orders from the decoration family included a Collar (Kette), Grand Crosses, Commanders Crosses, Breast Stars, Officer’s Crosses, and so on. The Officer’s Cross actually is a very high level award from this decoration family. It was only awarded from 1908 through 1918. During those years, the total number awarded was TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-EIGHT (228)!!! This was an amazingly small number. When you think about it that is about one-third the number of PLM’s awarded throughout WW I. The cross measures 2 1/2" x 2 1/4" (57mm x 56mm). The convex cross’s arms are a light-blue enamel. The enamel arms are housed within a silver gilt frame. On the three o’clock arm’s lower point is missing a very small chip, which we will show in the detailed photographs that accompany this description. The decoration’s center features Braunschweig/Hannover’s (Braunschweig was a vassal state to Hannover) Horse (in profile). The Horse is surrounded by a circular gilt frame. At that frame’s top is a gilt Ducal crown. [It is interesting to note that both Hannover and Braunschweig were annexed by Prussia after the 1866 Austro-Prussian War. Hannover remained Prussia’s vassal state, with no formal recognition or ruler. Braunschweig was under Prussia’s direct authority until after May 1913, when Ernst August of Braunschweig married Kaiser Wilhelm II’s only daughter, Viktoria Luise. After that Ernst August was restored as the Herzog of Braunschweig, with full rights to rule his Duchy]. The reverse features a gilt-silver finish, with a swollen pin and a large clasp at the decoration’s bottom. The pin is marked "Silber." The example was produced by the well known firm, Siebrecht. This very rare and desirable decoration can be added to any collection. $3,495.00
08-479 ORDER - HENRY LION OFFICER’S CROSS - BRAUNSCHWEIG.
08-482 ORDER - HENRY LION MERIT CROSS 2nd CLASS - BRAUNSCHWEIG.This is a topnotch example of the Duchy of Braunschweig’s Order of Henry the Lion Merit Cross 2nd Class. The Henry the Lion decoration family is Imperial Braunschweig’s primary award line. It starts with the Kette (Collar), then continues down through the Großkreuz, Breast Star, Kommandeurkreuz, and Knight’s Cross to the Ehrenzeichen. It is one of Imperial Germany’s most extensive decoration lines. Like most Imperial German decorations, all were awarded with swords during times of conflict. Also, from the Knight’s Cross-level upward, they are absolutely gorgeous decorations. The hand painted enamel is breathtaking. Braunschweig royalty’s house jewelry firm, Siebricht, produced material equal to any firm’s throughout the German Empire. Two Merit Cross Classes exist (awarded from 1834 to 1912). Both classes were awarded with swords during wartime, and without them during peace. Our 2nd Class example does NOT have swords. The cross measures 1 1/4" x 1."
The decoration’s four arms bear one of Braunschweig’s mottos, "Immota Fides" (Unshakably Faithful) [The Latin phrase is also the Order’s motto]. The cross’s center boasts Großherzog Wilhelm’s royal cypher. (The Order was founded by the famous Grand Duke Wilhelm in memory of his grandfather, Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand). The reverse has a plain back. Its lower arm displays a crown, .900 for silver content, and a large "S" for Siebricht. Although its red and yellow ribbon is wider than many, it IS correct. This is a fine example in excellent condition. $250.00
08-483 ORDER THE HENRY LION EHRENZEICHEN 1st CLASS - BRAUNSCHWEIG. This is the 1st Class Ehrenzeichen of Braunschweig’s Order of Henry the Lion. The decoration was produced in silver from 1903 through 1918. The circular decoration measures 1 1/8" in diameter. Its obverse sports Wilhelm of Braunschweig’s cypher, capped by his ducal crown. The cypher is surrounded by a wreath of leaves. The decoration’s reverse features Braunschweig’s Latin motto. It comes complete with a red and yellow ribbon. The decoration is in superb condition. $325.00
08-557 PRINZENGROßE 1914 KRIEGSVERDIENSTKREUZ 1st CLASS - BRAUNSCHWEIG. This is a first time offering from Der Rittmeister Militaria. It is the Duchy of Braunschweig’s 1914 War Service Cross 1st Class (Kriegsverdienstkreuz) in the very rare prinzengroße size. In fact, it is the first of its type that I have ever seen in nearly fifty years of collecting. I was VERY pleased to acquire it. The literal translation of prinzengroße is "prince-sized." In the 18th and 19th Centuries it was a common practice for nobles’ or royal officers’ sons to wear uniforms like those worn by their fathers. These young men were also permitted to wear the decorations that their fathers had earned. The most common of that era were the 1813 and 1870 Iron Crosses 1st Class. The smaller-sized decorations made sense from a proportional and visual standpoint. Full-sized decorations were not to scale.two 2nd Class variations (three if you count the difference of ribbons for non combatants) award. Of course, this is a privately-purchased example. Although it is NOT hallmarked, it probably came from a Braunschweig jeweler. $595.00
This size continued to be popular during WW I, but on the winners’ full-sized uniforms as an affectation. Prinzengroße-sized 1914 Iron Crosses 1st and 2nd Class became more common, as were some flight badges. To find one from another state is a real prize. The Duchy of Braunschweig offered an equivalent to the Iron Cross 1st and 2nd Class: the War Service Cross 1st and 2nd Class. [It is interesting to note that Braunschweig’s 2nd Class War Service Cross is considerably smaller than the 1st Class, which is similar in size to the Iron Cross 2nd Class. So, the War Service Cross 2nd Class could be considered a prinzengroße size.
The cross we are offering today measures 1 1/4" x 1 1/4." It has every bit of the full-sized version’s detail: a crown, Braunschweig Herzog Ernst August’s "EA" cypher, and 1914. The cross’s reverse features a fine, sturdy pin and clasp.
The decoration is in excellent condition and would make a great addition to your collection. It also would round out a collection that already features a full-sized issued piece and the
08-558 1914 KRIEGSVERDIENSTKREUZ 2nd CLASS WITH COMBATANTS RIBBON - BRAUNSCHWEIG. Today we are offering a very fine example of the Duchy of Braunschweig’s 1914 War Service Cross 2nd Class (Kriegsverdienstkreuz) with the Combatants ribbon. Most of the Kingdoms, Grand Duchies, Duchies, Principalities and Free States offered their equivalents of the 1914 Iron Crosses 1st and 2nd Class, as was the case with the small Duchy of Braunschweig. Its 2nd Class Cross was awarded to both combatants and non combatants during WW I. [The ribbons had their colors REVERSED on the wide vs. narrow ribbon widths].
Braunschweig also had two other special differences. First, the 2nd Class was awarded in some cases with a special metal device indicating that the decoration was awarded for special gallantry in the face of the enemy. It was as if the gallantry device rendered it a 2.5 Class which fell between the normal 2nd and 1st Class awards.
Overall, it is a fine example of this infrequently-seen decoration$150.00
08-566 BEWÄHRUNGSABZEICHEN zum KRIEGSVERDIENSTKREUZ 2nd CLASS - BRAUNSCHWEIG. This is a lovely example of the War Service Cross 2nd Class with Special Gallantry Device. The Duchy of Braunschweig and the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg were the only two German states to offer their Iron Cross 2nd Class equivalents with an extra device attached to signify extraordinary bravery during combat. I like to refer to is as a War Service Cross 2nd Class "and a half." It was just a step down from the War Service Cross 1st Class, but higher than the unadorned version.
The 2nd Class version is already somewhat unusual, since it is more prinzengroße-sized. It measures 1 ¼" x 1 ¼." The bronze-toned cross features a crown at its top, along with Herzog Ernst August’s cypher, and the date 1914. [Ernst August was Kaiser Wilhelm II’s son-in-law, married to his only daughter, Viktoria Luise (Vikki Lu to the Germans)]. The medal’s reverse simply states "Für Verdienst im Kriege."
The gallantry device is mounted on the yellow and blue Braunschweig ribbon. It consists of a wreath that features a horse’s profile. The wreath is topped by Braunschweig’s Crown and features a pair of crossed swords at its bottom. It is a fine decoration – one that is becoming increasingly difficult-to-find. $125.00 rhDec16
08-519 WAR SERVICE CROSS 2nd CLASS - BRAUNSCHWEIG. This is the War Service Cross 2nd Class from the Duchy of Braunschweig. It is the Iron Cross 2nd Class equivalent from the Duchy. Interestingly, while many states offered their EK 2 equivalent in a similar size, Braunschweig differed. The Braunschweig award is a prinzengroße-size that measures 1 3/16" x 1 3/16." It is bronze-toned and on the obverse has a crown at the top. The middle features "EA" for Ernst August, while the bottom lists "1914." The reverse displays the simple legend "Für Verdienst im Kriege."
A correct blue and yellow ribbon is attached to the jump ring. The condition is excellent, overall. $130.00
08-501 1914 WAR SERVICE CROSS 2nd CLASS - COMBATANT- BRAUNSCHWEIG. This is the non combatant version of the Duchy of Braunschweig’s 1914 War Service Cross. The decoration measures 1 1/4" x 1 1/4" and is bronze in color. It comes with the correct blue and yellow ribbon. $125.00
08-489 1914 WAR SERVICE CROSS 2nd CLASS - NON COMBATANT - BRAUNSCHWEIG. This is the Duchy of Braunschweig’s Iron Cross 2nd Class equivalent, the 1914 War Service Cross 2nd Class. These are infrequently seen, as Braunschweig was such a small state (1900 population: 464,000). Both the decoration and ribbon are in prime condition. $175.00
08-478 MILITARY SERVICE CROSS 2nd CLASS - NON COMBATANTS - BRAUNSCHWEIG. This is a very fine example of the Military Service Cross 2nd Class from the Duchy of Braunschweig. Braunschweig has always been one of my favorite states. I find its history fascinating. The Duchy fielded one infantry regiment, one cavalry regiment, and one artillery Bataillon. The decoration is Braunschweig’s equivalent of the 1914 Iron Cross 2nd lass. It has some interesting differences. This includes being smaller (it measures 1 1/8" x 1 1/8"). It is almost prinzengroße-sized. It is bronze-toned. The obverse features "EA" (Herzog Ernst August, Kaiser Wilhelm II’s son-in-law) in the center, with a crown above and 1914 below. The reverse reads "Für Verdienst im Kriege" (For Service in War). The decoration has the correct ribbon, a wide yellow band flanked by two thinner blue bands. The decoration is in top condition. $175.00
08-509 HANSEATIC CROSS - HAMBURG. Three free states were located in Northern Germany during the German Empire, remnants of the medieval Hanseatic League. They included Hamburg, Lübeck and Bremen. Hamburg was and is by far the largest. During WW I, each state awarded its own equivalent of the 1914 Iron Cross. Today we are offering the Hanseatic Cross from Hamburg. These decorations were awarded to the native sons of these states, to other states within the German Empire, and to the Central Powers allies. The cross, excluding the jump ring, measures 1 ½" x 1 ½." The obverse’s arms are red enamel. The decoration’s center is red enamel with Hamburg’s City Hall outlined in silver enamel. [The City Hall (along with most of Hamburg) was rebuilt after its massive bombing during WW II]. The decoration’s reverse states in the center "Für Verdienst im Kriege 1914." A piece of correct red and white ribbon is included. $150.00
08-555 HAMBURG HANSEATIC CROSS. Hanseatic Crosses were issued for the three Hanseatic Free States of Hamburg, Lübeck, and Bremen. This example hails from Hamburg. It represents the city/state’s equivalent to the 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class. It measures 1 ½" x 1 ." The decoration’s center depicts Hamburg’s City Hall in red and silver enamel. The structure was destroyed during WW II’s allied bombing. After the war, it was restored to its condition from before the war.$50.00
The decoration features red enamel arms, one of which has suffered a large chip. The decoration has NO ribbon. The price at which it is offered reflects its damage and lack of ribbon.
08-477 KRIEGER-EHRENZEICHEN IN EISEN STECKABZEICHEN - HESSE-DARMSTADT. This is the 1914 Iron Cross 1st Class equivalent from the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt. It is formally known as the Krieger-Ehrenzeichen in Eisen Steckabzeichen (War Honor Badge in Iron, pinback decoration). The decoration was first authorized by Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig in 1917. It is quite unique looking and measures 1 3/4" x 1 1/2." It features a circular wreath of leaves, topped by a crown. The decoration’s center is cut out with an intertwined "EL." At the bottom is the number "25." The reverse shows a swollen pin, but no manufacturer hallmark. $450.00
08-419 FELDDIENSTZEICHEN 1840 - HESSE-DARMSTADT. Various variations of the Felddienstzeichen were issued by Hesse-Darmstadt from 1780 through 1866. Changes in the decoration began in 1850. This variation is from 1840. The bronze-toned decoration’s obverse features Grand Duke Ludwig II’s crowned cypher. Below that is the date, 14 June 1840. The decoration’s reverse, which measures 1 1/4" in diameter, displays "Für Treuen Dienst Im Kriege (For Loyal Service in War)." It presents a fine patina, and a sturdy jump ring at its top. No ribbon is included. $125.00
08-521 TAPFERKEITS=MEDAILLE IN ORIGINAL AWARD PACKET - HESSE-DARMSTADT. Today we offer the Tapferkeits-Medaille (Bravery Medal) from Hesse-Darmstadt’s Grand Duchy. It measures 1 5/16" in diameter. The decoration was awarded from 1894-1918. Its obverse shows a profile of Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig. Its reverse bears "Für Tapferkeit" within a wreath. It is a prewar example made of silver. When awarded during the war years, it generally was awarded noting the years of service. It comes with an original red and gray ribbon, and housed in its original cardboard packet. The packet measures 2 1/4" x 2 3/4," and sports the decoration’s name printed on its exterior. On its inside flap it has the hallmark for Darmstadt jeweler "Ernst Marholdt." $150.00
08-504 TAPFERKEITS=MEDAILLE - ORIGINAL PRESENTATION PACKET - HESSE-DARMSTADT. This is the Tapferkeits=Medaille (Bravery Medal) from the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt. It was the equivalent to the 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class. While the Iron Cross was a Prussian medal, it was also given as a Reich’s medal. Most of the German states awarded equivalents in the first and second class as well. The decoration is silver-toned and measures 1 ½" in diameter. The obverse has a profile view of the Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig. The reverse features a laurel leaf wreath with "Für Tapferkeit" in the center. The medal itself is not the most common of its type, but what really makes this an exciting addition to a collection is that it comes with its original paper packet. I cannot begin to tell you how difficult it is to find the award packets for either the 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class or its many equivalents. So often the recipient tossed the packet away after receiving the award. I can count on the fingers of one hand the number of packets that I have unearthed. Simply stated, the packet is far rarer than the medal itself. It is made of heavy blue paper and bears the medal’s name on the front. It measures 1 3/4" x 2 1/4." $275.00
08-357 GENERAL HONOR DECORATION - HESSE-DARMSTADT. This is the General Honor Decoration from the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt. It is their equivalent of the 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class. The decoration’s obverse displays a profile of the Grand Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt, Ernst Ludwig. On the reverse we see "Fur Tapferkeit." This decoration is 1 1/4" in diameter. It is made of silver. It displays the correct red and light-blue ribbon. $165.00
This is an interesting decoration that comes from the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt. It is the Military Red Cross Service Cross. It was awarded to soldiers who were serving in a Red Cross capacity. It is an interestingly-shaped cross, of a type rarely seen among German decorations. The cross is gilt-toned and on the obverse we see "Für Pflege der Soldaten( For Nursing Soldiers)" and 1914. On the reverse it reads "Den 25 ten August 1870(The 25th August 1870)," when the award was established. It comes attached to a red and gold ribbon, and is in very fine condition. $125.00
08-361 MILITARY RED CROSS SERVICE CROSS - HESSE-DARMSTADT.
This is a consignment item. It is the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt’s Fifteen-Year Long-Service Award. The decoration is a gilt-toned cross. The obverse displays a crown, while the reverse features the Roman numerals "XV." The ribbon displays one wide red stripe and two narrower ones. The decoration is in very good condition. $150.00 Special Close-Out Pricing!! $120.00
08-556 XDG FIFTEEN-YEAR LONG-SERVICE CROSS - HESSE-DARMSTADT.
08-227 HOUSE ORDER OF THE GOLDEN LION COMMANDER'S BREAST STAR - HESSE-KASSEL. We have a most unusual offering this week. It is not exactly as it may appear from a quick glance at the enclosed photographs. What we have is the House Order of the Golden Lion Commanders Breast Star from Hessen-Kassel. While its nature as a Breast Star makes it scarce enough, this piece is a bullion, embroidered variation of the Breast Star! It is referred to in Germany as a "Tinsel Star." The Tinsel Stars were in use long before the metal Breast Stars with which we are more familiar and were sewn to the tunic as opposed to the use of a pinback arrangement for later Breast Stars. They were more common in the 18th and 19th Centuries. This example dates from the 1820's to the 1830's. It is one of the earliest orders that we have ever offered. For being 180-190 years old, this Breast Star is in incredible condition. The lion in the center and the colors throughout are quite vibrant. It shows little wear, just gentle age and toning. On the reverse of the Star in faded ink is an inscription that I cannot make out. Perhaps sharper eyes than mine will be able to help out. I was thrilled to get this from a very knowledgeable German collector. Now I am excited to share it with you. This piece would make a wonderful addition to any Orders and Decorations collection. It would make an interesting counterpoint to the more conventional Breast Stars. It is a true gem and quite rare. $3,895.00
05-915 KREUZ DER INHABER - HOHENZOLLERN. This is a seldom-seen example of the Kreuz der Inhaber in silver. It comes from the small state of Hohenzollern as opposed to the House of Hohenzollern. This is the peacetime example because there are no swords attached through the center. This example is different in a number of ways from the more traditional Knights Cross with Swords of the Hohenzollern House Order. First, it is silver-gilt. Second, the arms of this decoration are trimmed in black enamel instead of solid enamel. Both examples have enamel centers. This example is also hallmarked on the bottom arm for Wagner. An incorrect black and white war ribbon is included. The decoration is in very fine condition. $1,795.00
08-426 HOUSE SILVER SERVICE MEDAL - ORIGINAL PRESENTATION CASE - HOHENZOLLERN. This is the House Silver Service Medal from Hohenzollern. The decoration is circular, measuring 1 1/4" in diameter. It has a large jump ring attached to the decoration’s top. The decoration’s obverse features a crowned cypher within a wreath made of oak and laurel leaves. Under the cypher is the date, 1 January 1842. The reverse displays Hohenzollern’s Coat-of-Arms and "Für Treue und Verdienst (For Loyalty and Service)." This also is inside an oak and laurel leaf wreath. Its presentation case measures 4" x 2 3/4." "H. S. V. M" is embossed in silver on the exterior. Inside the case, the upper lid is lined in dark-blue silk. Embossed in silver on the silk lining is " J. G. Zimmerer & Sohn Fürstlich Hohenzollerische Hofjuwellerie Sigmaringen." The case’s bottom is lined with handsome blue velvet, with a cutout area to house the decoration. Another small area just above the cutout contains a piece of black and white ribbon for the decoration. Both the decoration and presentation case are in excellent condition. $495.00
08-522 XDG 1848/1849 WAR SERVICE MEDAL - HOHENZOLLERN. This is a consignment item. Hohenzollern was a small Imperial German state near Baden and Württemberg. [Actually, the state had little to do with the House of Hohenzollern whose family ruled Prussia and later Germany]. The decoration we offer is circular and measures 1 1/8" in diameter. The decoration is bronze-toned. The obverse has a cross with an eagle. The reverse has reference to King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia and the dates 1848 and 1849. During this time, a series of revolutions were in Germany. The medal is for the troops from Hohenzollern who fought with Prussia suppressing the revolt. The decoration has a small ribbon that is made of black and white silk.
The decoration and ribbon are in very fine condition. $95.00 Special Close-Out Pricing!! $75.00
08-390 HOHENZOLLERN ADLER INHABER. This is the Adler Inhaber from Hohenzollern. It shows the Hohenzollern Eagle with wide spread wings. In the center of its chest is a black and white enamel shield. The eagle sports a beautiful, frosted, silver surface. The decoration, which measures 1 1/4" x 11/4," is MINT. No ribbon accompanies this decoration.$650.00
08-487 1842 GOLDEN HONOR MEDAL - HOHENZOLLERN. This is the 1842 Golden Honor Medal from Hohenzollern. Hohenzollern was a small German Principality of approximately 67,000 people in 1900. The medal is from a higher rank of service medals for the 1842 Campaign. It was another of the many small wars that led to German consolidation under Kaiser Wilhelm I. (That said, most German states retained a fairly large measure of autonomy regarding their states’ administration within the Reich). The medal is circular and measures 1 1/4" in diameter. It is made of silver covered with a gilt wash. The decoration’s obverse features a Coat-of-Arms and a crown in its center. Around that is the motto "Für Treue und Verdienst " (For loyalty and merit). The reverse has the Prince’s royal cypher and the date, January 1842. The decoration has a white and black replacement ribbon. This uncommon decoration is in excellent condition. $295.00
08-294 KRIEGSVERDIENSTKREUZ AM BAND FÜR NICHTKÄMPFER - LIPPE-DETMOLD. This is the Iron Cross 2nd Class for Non Combatants from Lippe-Detmold. The cross is set up as one-place medal bar with a parade-wrapped ribbon. It has no backing. This is a very pleasing example. $195.00. . .
08-275 WAR SERVICE CROSS 2nd CLASS NON COMBATANTS- LIPPE-DETMOLD. This is the 2nd Class Non Combatants version of the War Service Cross 2nd Class from Lippe-Detmold. The colors of the ribbon are reversed from the combatants version to differentiate the difference. This is a very fine example. $185.00
08-510 WAR SERVICE MEDAL FOR SERVICE ON NATIVE SOIL - LIPPE-DETMOLD. This is a first time offering for Der Rittmeister Militaria. It comes from the Principality of Lippe-Detmold and is known as the War Honor Service Medal on Native (home) Soil. It was not intended as an award to front-line troops in the field. As Lippe-Detmold was a small principality, their decorations generally were awarded in fewer numbers. This decoration is particularly scarce. It is gilt-toned and eight-sided. The decoration’s obverse features Lippe-Detmold’s Rose, the ruling Prince Leopold IX’s royal cypher, and the date 1914. On the reverse we see the decoration’s name. The attached ribbon is for Non Combatants, as is the decoration. $225.00
08-297 1870 MILITARY SERVICE CROSS 1st CLASS - MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN. This is the Iron Cross 1st Class equivalent (Military Service Cross 1st Class) from the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. This example was awarded for action in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871. Interestingly, variations exist of the Military Service Cross in 1st and/or 2nd Class from 1848, 1849, 1859, 1864, 1866, 1870, 1877, 1900, and with no date! As this was a much smaller state than Prussia, very few of these were awarded. The decoration is very slightly vaulted. This example is an interesting variation because it has no clasp on the reverse with which to hold the pin! None was ever added to the decoration, so this is not a matter of it having broken off. The finish of the decoration is a burnished bronze tone. This indicates a great deal of age and makes for a very handsome patina. It is a very difficult decoration to acquire, in excellent condition. $3,495.00
08-551 1870 MILITARY SERVICE CROSS 2nd CLASS FOR NON COMBATANTS - MECKLENBURG SCHWERIN. This is the 1870 Military Service Cross 2nd Class for Non Combatants from the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. It is that state’s Iron Class 2nd Class equivalent. It is similar in size to an Iron Cross 2nd Class and measures 1 ½" x 1 ¾." The primary difference is that it is gold-toned. A crown sits atop the obverse. In its center is "FF," which stands for Mecklenburg-Schwerin’s Friedrich Franz III. At the bottom is the year, 1870. This was awarded to army personnel for participation in the 1870-1871 Franco-Prussian War. Like the Prussian Iron Cross 2nd Class, it would have been awarded for a few years after the war as well as during actual wartime. On the reverse we see "Für Auszeichnung im Kriege." A small piece of replacement ribbon for non combatants is attached to the decoration. $650.00
08-431 1870 MILITARY SERVICE CROSS 2nd CLASS - NON COMBATANTS (NICHT KAMPFER) - PRINZENGROßE - MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN. The Military Service Cross from the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was that state’s equivalent to Prussia’s Iron Cross. Like the Iron Cross, it was awarded in both a 1st and 2nd Class. After the Iron Cross, it was the oldest award of its type within Imperial Germany, having been first offered in 1848. The Iron Cross was offered in 1813, 1870, and 1914. [Although not part of the Imperial Period, it also was awarded in 1939 and 1957]. The Military Service Cross was offered in 1849, 1859,, 1864, 1866, 1870, 1877, 1900, 1914, and without a date. Like the Iron Cross, the Military Service Cross generally was awarded in a normal full size. It sometimes was awarded or purchased in the prinzengroße size, as well.
Our offering today is a very scarce Prinzengroße 1870 War Merit Cross 2nd Class for Non Combatants. While I am not certain how many non combatant versions of the decoration were awarded for the 1870/71 Franco-Prussian War, it is safe to say the number was far less than the 1870 Iron Cross 2nd Class for Non Combatants. Only about 3,000 examples were awarded for the latter medal. This award’s original owner opted to acquire a prinzengroße-sized example. These were typically about two-thirds the size of an issued cross. The cross is gilt-toned (unlike the Iron Cross) and measures 1 1/4" x 1 1/4." Like the Iron Cross it features a crown at the top, the ruler’s cypher ( FF for Friedrich Franz), and the conflict’s date (1864). The reverse displays the words, "Für Auszeichnung im Kriege." The smaller cross is highly-detailed.
The ribbon is the type used on a non combatant’s decoration. The predominant color is magenta. Flanking that wider band are narrow bands of yellow and blue. This would make a superb addition to any decoration collection. $650.00
08-364 MILITARY SERVICE CROSS 1st CLASS - TWENTY-ONE YEARS LONG SERVICE - MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN. This is the 1st Class Long Service Award for Twenty-one Years of Service. The example is for enlisted man and NCO’s from the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. The decoration is a cross with a gilt finish to its arms that has diminished with age. It has a brighter gilt-center. The cross’s obverse features the Grand Duke’s crowned cypher. The decoration’s reverse displays twenty-one in Roman numerals, which was quite common on German long-service awards. This particular decoration was awarded from 1868 to 1913. It is in very fine condition, with a magenta, blue, and yellow ribbon. $160.00
08-562 COMBATANT’S WAR SERVICE CROSS 2nd CLASS - MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN. This is the Mecklenburg-Schwerin War Service Cross 2nd Class for Combatants. The decoration was the equivalent to the 1914 Prussian Iron Cross 2nd Class. It was awarded in both 1st and 2nd Classes. While not as old as the Iron Cross, it was awarded for far more conflicts. It was established in 1800, in both full and prinzengroße sizes. It is also seen in both Combatant’s and Non Combatant’s versions. In some cases, it was awarded to women with its ribbon tied in a bow rather than a straight ribbon.
This example is in excellent condition. It is similar in size to the Iron Cross, but is gilt in color. A crown appears at its top. The letters “FF” appear in the center, standing for “Friedrich Franz,” Mecklenburg-Schwerin’s final Grand Duke. “1914" appears at the decoration’s bottom. The reverse features the information listed below.
(For Award in Wartime).
The decoration comes with a short length of ribbon featuring a wide band of light-blue, two narrow red stripes, and two narrow yellow stripes. The decoration is in fine condition. $150.00
08-560 COMBATANT’S 1914 MILITARY SERVICE CROSS 2nd CLASS - MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN. This is a fine example of a 1914 Military Service Cross 2nd Class for Combatants (the Mecklenburg-Schwerin variation of the Prussian Iron Cross 2nd Class). Like the Iron Cross, it was awarded in the 1st and 2nd Class levels. Also, like the Iron Cross 2nd Class, it was awarded with different ribbons for combatants or non combatants. The gilt finish on the decoration is excellent. It is accompanied by a fine Combatants 2nd Class ribbon. It would make a perfect addition for any collection.$150.00
08-567 KREUZ für AUSZEICHNUNG IM KRIEGE 2nd CLASS - MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ. This is the very difficult-to-find Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class equivalent. The latter was a very small Grand Duchy with a population of about 106,000 in 1910. Since it was so small, it did not field a standalone regiment. Instead, it fielded one Infanterie Bataillon in a Mecklenburg-Schwerin Regiment. [Mecklenburg-Strelitz’s Grand Duke committed suicide in February 1918, so Mecklenburg-Schwerin’s Grand Duke Friedrich Franz IV served as regent until all Imperial German monarchies abdicated in November 1918].
The silver-toned cross measures 1 ¼" x 1 ¾," and its arms are plain, NOT pebbled. The decoration’s center displays a wreath. Grand Duke Adolf Friedrich IV’s royal cypher appears within the wreath. Below that is the date, 1914. The motto, "Tapfer und Treu" (Brave and Loyal), appears within the wreath on the cross’s reverse. The decoration uses the same light-blue, red, and yellow ribbon for combatants as Mecklenburg-Schwerin. $195.00rhDec16
08-498 WAR HONOR CROSS 2nd CLASS - NON COMBATANTS - MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ. This is the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz’s Iron Cross 2nd Class equivalent. Its official name is "Kreuz für Auszeichnung im Kriege." [This very small Grand Duchy was a neighbor to the far larger Mecklenburg-Schwerin. It was so small that it was not able to field a regiment of its own. It had a single Bataillon in one infantry regiment and one battery in an artillery regiment]. The decoration is silver-toned. Its obverse displays the Grand Duke’s crowned royal cypher, along with the date, 1914. On the reverse is the motto "Tapfer und Treu" (Valiant and Faithful). The correct ribbon for a non combatant is attached. $195.00
08-223 22 YEARS LONG SERVICE DECORATION - NASSAU. This decoration for 22 years long and true service comes from the Duchy of Nassau. It was given to NCO's and enlisted men. This very small state gave a very limited number of decorations. This decoration was first issued beginning in 1834 and continued through 1864. Like Hannover, Nassau was absorbed in 1866. Its independence was lost when it was absorbed by Prussia during the war with Austria. This decoration is a minimum of 135 years old. Very few of them were ever awarded. An original wide, light blue ribbon accompanies this decoration. For its age, the decoration and ribbon are in excellent condition. This represents the very first decoration that we have ever offered from Nassau. $525.00
05-1164 GRAND CROSS WITH SWORDS ON THE RING OF THE HOUSE AND SERVICE ORDER HERZOG PETER FRIEDRICH LUDWIG - OLDENBURG. The Grand Cross with Swords on the Ring of the House and Service Order Herzog Peter Friedrich Ludwig was one of the highest awards that could be given by the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg. This relatively small Grand Duchy fielded a single infantry and cavalry regiment along with one artillery Bataillon. The decoration was awarded as a sash. This very rare decoration was only awarded TWENTY-ONE times from 1856 to 1918. It measures 4" x 2 1/4." Made of silver-gilt, it comes complete with a massive crown and a smaller set of crossed swords that are located on the ring.
Oldenburgers were known for producing some of the finest enamel work among Imperial Germanys decoration makers. That said, some enamel damage shows on the decorations reverse in two places with a crude repair to the center. Normally, I am not inclined to purchase an order with damaged enamel. However, since the decoration is SO rare, I bought it. I may never see another one, regardless of the condition. This is, without question, the rarest decoration we have ever offered in terms of the number that were awarded. Consider that the Pour le Mérite had nearly seven hundred awards during WW I alone, then you get an inkling of how rare a bird we are offering today. Even if you do not normally collect orders and decorations, have a look at this one. Few of these exist outside a museum. The correct sash, which is 3 7/8" wide, is included. $5,495.00 . Special Close-Out Pricing!! $4,495.00
05-724 HONOR CROSS 3rd CLASS IN ORIGINAL PRESENTATION CASE - OLDENBURG. A seldom seen decoration from Oldenburg. It is a black steel decoration similar in some ways to the Oldenburg Friedrich August Cross 1st and 2nd Class. This example not having swords would be from before the Great War. It comes in a very fine red leatherette presentation case similar in color and design to the Prussian Red Eagle case. The decoration is completed with a wide red and blue ribbon. A very nice presentation. $425.00
This is the medal bar’s real prize. The Grand Duchy of Oldenburg offered a full line of decorations under the House and Service Order of Herzog Peter Friedrich Ludwig’s banner. The order extended from Ketten (Collars), to Großkreuze, from Breast Stars, to Commander’s Crosses and Knight’s Crosses, from Honor Crosses to Golden Medals. The Honor Cross came in three classes. The 3rd Class was first instituted in 1838. Swords for the decoration were awarded from 1856 through 1918 (during wars). The decoration was never awarded in large numbers. Only 589 awards were made during the period. Our offering is an earlier example, probably awarded during the 1870-1871 Franco-Prussian War. The cross measures 1 1/4" x 1 1/4." The obverse features Peter Friedrich Ludwig’s cypher, an "L." The reverse displays Oldenburg’s Coat-of-Arms. A pair of crossed swords extends through the decoration’s body. The decoration is black in color and magnetic. A small piece of blue and red ribbon is attached. It is a lovely example of a very rare decoration. $1,095.00
08-481 HOUSE/SERVICE ORDER - HERZOG PETER FRIEDRICH LUDWIG HONOR CROSS 3rd CLASS - SWORDS - OLDENBURG.
08-405 HOUSE/SERVICE ORDER 3rd CLASS WITH SWORDS - HERZOG PETER FRIEDRICH LUDWIG HONOR CROSS - OLDENBURG.This is the House and Service Order 3rd Class with Swords of the Herzog Peter Friedrich Ludwig Honor Cross from Oldenburg. It was awarded both with and without swords from 1856 through 1918. It is a black cross with swords through its center. It comes with a correct blue and red ribbon. It is in very fine condition. It is a fairly scarce decoration. This particular example was awarded during WW I. $895.00
08-524 FRIEDRICH AUGUST CROSS 2nd CLASS WITH "VOR DEM FEINDE" CLASP - OLDENBURG. The Grand Duchy of Oldenburg was one of the German Empire’s smaller grand duchies. It was so small that it fielded one infantry regiment, one cavalry regiment, and one artillery Bataillon. When WW I began, Oldenburg, like many other German states, instituted its own versions of the Prussian Iron Crosses 1st and 2nd Class. Oldenburg named its version after its final ruler, Friedrich August, and awarded the medal in both the 1st and 2nd Classes.
Our offering today is the 2nd Class version, but with a difference. A spange (clasp) that reads "Vor Dem Feinde" (Before the Enemy) is attached to the ribbon. This is particularly interesting because the FA 2nd Class was also awarded in both combatants’ and non combatants’ classes. In essence, it could be considered as the Friedrich August Cross, Version 2.5! Out of all the German states that offered Iron Cross 2nd Class equivalents, Braunschweig was the only other state to add a spange to it. Since Oldenburg was such a small state, it awarded far fewer decorations than the larger ones. Naturally, those sporting spangen were even fewer.
The Vor Dem Feinde spange neatly slips over its correct blue and red ribbon. The decoration itself is in excellent condition. It is a superb presentation of a very scarce decoration. $195.00
Here we have the 1914 Friedrich August Cross 2nd Class from the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg. This is the Iron Cross 2nd Class equivalent from Oldenburg. The cross comes with the reversed color combination ribbon for Non Combatants. This is a rare decoration. $150 .00
08-339 1914 FRIEDRICH AUGUST CROSS 2nd CLASS FOR NON COMBATANTS - OLDENBURG.
08-513 FRIEDRICH AUGUST CROSS 2nd CLASS FOR NON COMBATANTS - OLDENBURG. This is the Friedrich August Cross 2nd Class for Non Combatants from the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg. The decoration is identical to the combatant’s version. The difference is that red is its ribbon’s primary color, while the two smaller trim bands are blue. The combatant’s version is just the opposite; its primary color is blue, while the two smaller bands are red. The cross shows some signs of wear, but the ribbon is crisp and bright. $140.00
08-471 FRIEDRICH AUGUST CROSS 2nd CLASS - NON COMBATANTS - OLDENBURG. Although they were Prussia and Kaiser Wilhelm II’s vassals, many Imperial German kingdoms, duchies and principalities dispensed their own orders and decorations. This was particularly true when the Iron Cross was re-instituted during WW I. Many of the states offered their own versions of the 1914 Iron Cross in both the 1st and the 2nd Class. The Grand Duchy of Oldenburg certainly participated in the practice. Oldenburg’s Friedrich August Cross was very similar to the Iron Cross 2nd Class, in that it was issued in both combatant’s and non combatant’s versions. As with its Prussian counterparts, Oldenburg’s examples differ from each other only in their ribbons. The decoration itself is identical. The all-black Friedrich Cross 2nd Class is quite striking. It measures 1 1/2" x 1 1/2." Its obverse sports a crown, Grand Duke Friedrich August’s royal cypher, and the date 1914. Its reverse is plain. The ribbon boasts one wide red band and two smaller, blue trim bands. It is a captivating example. $150.00
08-515 1914 FRIEDRICH AUGUST CROSS 2nd CLASS - OLDENBURG. This is the 1914 Friedrich August Cross 2nd Class from the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg. Oldenburg was a small Grand Duchy, which fielded one infantry regiment, one cavalry regiment, and a single artillery battery. It was their equivalent to Prussia’s 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class. The cross is black iron and magnetic. The obverse features a crown at the top, the cypher FA in the center, and the date "1914" at the bottom. Nothing appears on the reverse, and a wreath connects its four arms. The decoration is suspended from a short red and blue ribbon. $125.00
08-484 FRIEDRICH AUGUST CROSS 2nd CLASS - NON COMBATANT’S RIBBON BOW - OLDENBURG. This is a very unusual example of the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg’s Friedrich August Cross 2nd Class. This small duchy awarded the Friedrich August Cross in the 1st and 2nd Classes. It was Oldenburg’s equivalent to the 1914 Iron Crosses 1st and 2nd Class. It was awarded to Oldenburg’s native sons as well as her Central Power allies. The cross is magnetic and all-black, with a plain reverse. The ribbon is predominately red with two smaller blue stripes. It denotes the Non Combatant’s ribbon, which displays the opposite of the Combatant’s coloring. A safety pin device is attached to the ribbon’s rear. The ribbon itself is tied in a bow, denoting its award to a woman! She most likely was a nurse tending to wounded Oldenburg troops. $175.00
08-375 SILVER SERVICE MEDAL WITH SWORDS - REUSS.Reuss was a small principality within the German Empire. This is its Silver Service Medal with Swords. The lovely, circular decoration is made of silver. It measures 1 1/4" in diameter, and comes complete with the proper ribbon. It is in excellent condition. $250.00
08-486 MEMORIAL MEDAL - 1849 CAMPAIGN - SAXE-ALTENBURG. This is the Memorial Medal for the 1849 Campaign. It was one of the many small wars fought within Germany as she worked toward consolidation as a nation. While for the 1849 Campaign, the medal was not issued until 1874, twenty-five years after the campaign. The gilt-toned medal is circular and measures 1" in diameter. The decoration’s obverse features Herzog Ernst I of Saxe-Altenburg’s royal cypher. The decoration’s reverse has a wreath with the year 1849 inside it. The decoration comes with a replacement green ribbon sporting two narrow white stripes. Overall, the decoration is in excellent condition, especially for being more than one-hundred-thirty years-old. $450.00
08-240 COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL FOR THE 1849 CAMPAIGN - SAXE-ALTENBURG. This a commemorative medal that was awarded to veterans from Saxe-Altenburg for the campaign of 1849. This decoration was awarded in 1874 (twenty-five years after the campaign). It was only awarded six hundred fifty-four times, so it is very scarce decoration. The obverse of the decoration, which is bronze-toned, has the royal cypher for the Duke of Saxe-Altenburg, Ernst I. The reverse of the decoration has the date, "1849." The decoration is accompanied by a green and white ribbon. It is in very fine condition. $450.00. .
08-143 DUKE ERNST II GOLDEN MEDAL - SAXE-ALTENBURG. This circular medal is about the size of a U.S. half dollar. It has a golden finish, but is actually silver gilt. This really gorgeous medal was issued from 1908 to 1918. Ernst II assumed the throne in 1908 upon the death of his father Duke Ernst I. The obverse has a fine profile of Ernst II in profile along with the legend "Ernst II Duke of Saxe-Altenburg." The reverse has the coat-of-arms and the motto, in Latin, for the duchy. This decoration was a civil award and came in two grades, with and without crown. Relatively few were awarded. This simply beautiful example comes with the correct ribbon for the duchy. $450.00.
08-527 ERNST II GOLD DUCAL MEDAL - SAXE-ALTENBURG. This is the Herzog Ernst II Ducal Medal in Gold from the Duchy of Saxe-Altenburg. The medal is gold-toned and measures 1 1/4” in diameter. The obverse of the medal features a high-relief profile of Saxe-Altenburg’s Herzog Ernst II, the small Saxon duchy’s final Duke. The reverse features Saxony’s and Saxony’s states’ Coat-of-Arms and their motto. The medal comes with a short length of magenta, green, and black ribbon. All of it is in top condition. $295.00
08-221 ERNST II MEDAL IN SILVER - SAXE-ALTENBURG. This is the Ernst II Medal in Silver. The decoration is of the highest quality and is made of silver as evidenced by the gorgeous patina which has developed over many decades. This civil decoration shows Duke (Herzog) Ernst II in profile, along with his identification and that of Saxe-Altenburg. The reverse has the royal cypher of Ernst II. The decoration is in very fine condition. $265.00
Today we offer you the Silver Service Medal from Duke Carl Eduard of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. The medal has two variations. The first variation includes examples that were produced from 1905 to 1914. The second variation was produced during the years 1914 to 1935. Those produced during the period of 1905-1914 are the best quality, typical of the pre WW I quality levels. Most of those produced after 1914 were not made from the same higher-quality materials, nor was the workmanship’s quality the same. Our example today is an early version of the highest quality. It was probably produced well before the beginning of WW I. The decoration is circular and measures 1 1/4" in diameter. It has a high silver finish. The obverse shows a profile of Carl Eduard. His name, and the words "Saxe-Coburg Gotha" appear around the edge. The reverse has Saxe-Coburg Gotha’s Coat-of-Arms and the state royal motto of Latin "Fidelite et Constanter." "Silber, 999" is engraved on the decoration’s edge. At the decoration’s top is a slot for the ribbon, rather than a jump ring. The ribbon, which measures 4 3/4" in length, is magenta and green. The presentation case measures 3 1/2" x 2 1/4" x 3/4." The case’s top is red leatherette, with the decoration’s name, etc. embossed on the outer lid. The case’s bottom is black leatherette, with a stamp for the Coburg firm that produced the case. It is a superb early example of the decoration in a matched case. $895.00
08-469 SILBERNE MEDAILLE des S. ERNST HAUSORDENS - SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA - ORIGINAL PRESENTATION CASE.
08-568 SILVER HERZOG CARL EDUARD MEDAL - SAXE-COBURG UND GOTHA. The Duchy of Saxe-Coburg und Gotha was one of several smaller Saxon Duchies. Its final ruler was Carl Eduard (1884-1954), who assumed the throne in 1905 (he was also one of Queen Victoria of England’s grandsons and retained his title of Duke of Albany). Since he sided with the Germans during WW I, the British stripped him of his English titles (and even his robes) when the German monarchs abdicated at war’s end. Later, like many German royals and nobles, Carl Eduard was drawn to the Nazi Party. [They all hoped their lands, riches, and positions would be returned to them. Hitler, however, had no intention of returning anything to anybody – he just used them to secure more power for himself]. Feeling betrayed by England AND Germany, Carl Eduard joined the NSDAP in 1935, then held several posts within it over the years. After WW II’s end, he was arrested as a war criminal and held by American authorities, but never tried. He lived an impoverished, secluded existence in an apartment until his 1954 death.
The large silver-toned medal measures 1 ¼" x 2." It was awarded as a civil rather than a military medal, although it was given out from 1905 to 1920. Its obverse features a profile of Carl Eduard, along with his title. A large voided (open) crown sits on the medal’s top. The medal’s reverse displays Saxe-Coburg und Gotha’s high-relief Coat-of-Arms. I am very impressed with this medal’s workmanship. It comes complete with a yellow and black ribbon. $225.00
08-564 MEDAL FOR SERVICE IN WAR - SAXE-MEININGEN. The small Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen was one of the several Saxon Duchies. [Its population numbered about 278,000 in 1910]. Today we are offering its Medal for Service in War (Medaille für Verdienst im Kriege). This was its equivalent to the empire’s 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class. As it was a small Duchy, the medal was awarded in small numbers. The bronze-toned medal measures 1 ½" in diameter. Its obverse features a cross with the cypher "B" in its center. The reverse reveals a cross with the Saxon Coat-of-Arms in its center.$175.00
The decoration’s name appears around its edge, along with 1914/15. Its short length of original ribbon displays one wide black stripe, two narrow yellow stripes, and a series of green dots at its edges. The medal and ribbon both are in excellent condition. This is a seldom-seen decoration.
08-561 KNIGHT’S CROWN WITH SWORDS 2nd CLASS ORDER OF THE WHITE FALCON - SAXE-WEIMAR. This is the Order of the White Falcon 2nd Class with Swords from the Duchy of Saxe-Weimar. The decoration is one of my favorites. I find its overall presentation extremely elegant. The Duchy did a wonderful job of incorporating handsome, multicolored enamel work. The cross, including the large, articulated silver crown, measures 2 ½” from the cross’s top to its bottom. It also measures 1 ½” from its left to its right sides.
The cross’s obverse is a very rich dark-green. Superimposed over it is a white falcon with outstretched wings. Gold highlights glint across the bird’s full surface. Silver swords extend diagonally between the cross’s arms and through the bird’s center. The cross’s reverse features a combination of white (predominately) and the same shade of green as seen on the obverse. Instead of a white falcon, the center features an oval device with a gold crown and gold oak leaves that form a frame for the oval-shaped device. This makes for a most effective presentation between the gold crown and oak leaves. In the center is a blue enamel background on which the Duchy’s motto "Vigilando Ascendimus" (Through vigilance we ascend) appears in gold.
The final touch is a wide length of ribbon. The Order of the White Falcon was awarded in very small numbers to native sons of this Saxon Duchy, and to other important persons in the civilian and military sectors. The example, which is in excellent condition, is one that we infrequently see. It will make for a fine addition to any collection! $1,495.00
08-236 CARL ALEXANDER SILVER SERVICE MERIT MEDAL WITH CLASP AND SWORDS - SAXE-WEIMAR. This is a very rare decoration that we have never before been able to offer. The Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar was one of the several Saxon duchies situated around the Kingdom of Saxony. The decoration was issued from 1853 to 1901. This is one of the rarer versions that was awarded in 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War. The obverse of the decoration has a high relief profile of the Grand Duke Carl Alexander. It also features a clasp with swords that is attached to the ribbon. On the reverse we see "For Service 1870." Attached to the decoration is the original ribbon. I would like to point out that it has seen a great deal of service and use since it was awarded 130+ years ago. For your convenience I will also enclose a correct replacement ribbon, which you may use as you wish. This is a really DIFFICULT decoration to find. I was quite surprised when it was offered to me. $975.00 . .
08-89 GOLDEN SERVICE CROSS SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE. This is another first timer for us. This is the Golden Service Cross, which was issued from 1869-1916 by Schaumburg-Lippe. This cross was the highest level of the Service Cross that was issued and is made of GOLD. The obverse has the Royal Cypher of Schaumburg-Lippe. The reverse has the legend "For True Service." A short length of red and gold ribbon is included. A very scarce decoration. $1,095.00
08-502 TRUE SERVICE CROSS 2nd CLASS - SCHAUMBURG- LIPPE. This is the True Service Cross 2nd Class from the principality of Schaumburg-Lippe. It is the Iron Cross 2nd Class equivalent from the small state. It features a white and blue ribbon and measures 1 ½" x 1 ½." $125.00 ccJan17
08-534 SILVER MEDAL FOR SERVICE IN WAR - SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT und SONDERHAUSEN GEMEINSAM (TOGETHER). This is the Silver Medal for Service during War from the very small principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt had a population of less than 97,000 in 1905. Prinz Victor Günther (1852-1925) was the final Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and took the throne in 1890. In 1909, he also claimed the throne of Schwarzburg-Sonderhausen upon its Prince’s death. The Silver Service Medal was created in 1914, and served as its Principality’s Iron Cross 2nd Class equivalent. It measures 1 ½” in diameter. The obverse displays Prinz Victor Günther’s royal cypher, while the reverse reads “Service in War.” It is a rare decoration. $250.00ccJan17
This is the Military Service Cross 3rd Class from the Principality of Waldeck. This award was presented 111 times during the period of 1878 to 1896. The limited number of awards is explained in part by the principality’s small size. For example, they fielded only a single Bataillon (Bataillon Nr 3) in Prussia’s Infanterie-Regiment von Wittich (3. Kurhessisches) Nr 83. The regiment was raised in 1813. The Waldeck Bataillon was garrisoned at Arlosen. The decoration is a small silver cross, measuring 1 5/8" x 1 ½." In the decoration’s heart is a red enamel center featuring the ruler of Waldeck und Pyrmont’s silver cypher. The cross’s reverse says "Für Verdienst." The original and correct red, black, and yellow ribbon is attached. It is in very fine condition. $1,695.00
08-335 MILITARY SERVICE CROSS 3rd CLASS - WALDECK und PYRMONT.
08-205 MILITARY SERVICE CROSS 3rd CLASS - WALDECK-PYRMONT. The Military Service Cross 3rd Class is not often seen, as Waldeck is a fairly small state. This is a pure military decoration. It comes complete with the correct and original ribbon. Overall, it is in very fine condition. $1,595.00
12-389 MATTED PAGE FROM ORDEN DER AUSSERDEUTSCHE STAATEN EUROPAS PLATE Nr 2. Prior to the beginning of WW I, a series of high quality pamphlets were printed in Germany displaying the orders and decorations of Imperial Germany and Europe. Many variations of these were produced, and I have offered several of them in the past. When I mentioned that these were high-quality, I failed to mention that they were in FULL COLOR. The example we are offering today describes in crystal clear detail many of the top awards from the various nations of Europe (some were allied to Germany in WW I and some were bitter enemies). It covers examples from Great Britain, France, Greece, Spain. etc. This has been matted and is ready for display or framing. The matte measures 17 3/8" x 13 ½," while the image within measures 11" x 8 5/8." $95.00. . .
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