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GERMANY – IRON CROSS – 1813 – 2nd CLASS – WITH DOCUMENTATION, INCLUDING AWARD DOCUMENTSKU: 09-995 XTC
Very interesting and exciting mini group that includes an 1813 Iron Cross 2nd Class, its actual award document, and another document from some twenty years after the initial award. The 1813 Iron Cross introduced a completely new concept in medals awarded to soldiers for their battle service, i.e., that a man could be awarded a medal no matter what rank he possessed, whether he was a private or a general. The Napoleonic Wars had been raging for several years, but the tide was turning by the time the 1813 Iron Crosswas first awarded. As a matter of fact, the wars ended that same year. Napoleon, however, was never one to give up easily. He escaped from exile in March 1815 and returned to wage war at theBattle of Waterloo in June. Bonaparte was finally defeated on 18 June 1815 and sentenced to permanent exile on St. Helena, where he died six years later…..